Human and Social Sciences

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La réception imprimée de Galien dans les anciens Pays-Bas au XVIe siècle


ABSTRACT

Avec pas moins de quelque six cents éditions relevat de corpus galénique recensés au XVIe siècle, il apparaît sans contredit que le modèle médical dominant à la Renaissance reste toujours bel et bien celui de Galien et de sa théorie des humeurs. La plus ancienne édition latine remonte au 27 août 1490 et est sortie des presses vénitiennes de Philippus Pincius (ou Pintius). Il s'agit de la première impression des oeuvres complètes du maître de Pergame, éditées en latin par le médecin de Brescia Diomède Bonardus et reproduites en deux volumes imposants au format in-folio. Le premier tome compte 224 feuilles, le second 248 ; soit un volume total de 236 feuilles de papier pour imprimer un seul exemplaire. Le corpus galénique a été classé par l'éditeur selon des critères thématiques et de difficultés de lecture. Une vingtaine d'autres Opera omnia verront le jour au cours du XVIe siècle (dont deux en grec), imprimées presque exclusivement à Venise. Le classement établi par Johannes Baptista Montanus pour celles parues en 1541 chez les Giunta servira de modèle pour les éditions ultérieures. Il repose sur cinq critères : thématique, difficulté de lecture, authenticité, genre littéraire et matériel. 

 

 


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La sensibilità formale di Guinizelli e Cavalcanti all’interno del panorama duecentesco


ABSTRACT

Per collocare la sensibilità formale dei «due Guidi» all'interno del panorama duecentesco, occorre avere presente almeno a grandi linee quest'ultimo, e sarà quindi necessario in via preliminare darne conto 1. Anticipando le conclusioni, si può dire che il secondo Guido, Cavalcanti, è un caso particolare, una sorta di picco attorno a cui si addensano una serie di fenomeni riconducibili a una casistica che praticamente non si dà altrove. Al netto di ciò, per quel che riguarda la sensibilità metrica Guinizzelli e Cavalcanti si trovano sullo stesso versante, e la loro posizione condivisa sembra essere la logica conseguenza del fatto che appartenevano alla stessa classe sociale: quella dei milites 2. Il legame tra la maniera in cui i rimatori medievali si rappresentavano le forme da essi adottate e la loro posizione sociale ha le sue origini nel primo luogo di produzione e consumo di lirica cortese in volgare, le corti della Francia meridionale, dove notoriamente il pubblico veniva in contatto con i componimenti poetici in forme collettive, performative, sceniche, 1 Le ricerche che mi hanno portato a delineare la mappa di un panorama generale della sensibilità formale degli autori di lirica in Italia, dai poeti federiciani a Petrarca, sono state condotte grazie alla vincita della Fellowship Marco Praloran 2013-2015, e sono sfociate in un libro in questo momento in lavorazione presso la SISMEL (Camboni Maria Clotilde, Fine musica), a cui rimando per ulteriori approfondimenti. 2 Per il contesto sociale di Guinizzelli e Cavalcanti, cfr. da ultimo Milani Giuliano, Le contexte e Diacciati Silvia, Guido e i Cavalcanti.


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La circulation du livre médical dans les anciens Pays-Bas au second tiers du XVIe siècle


ABSTRACT

À partir des années 1565-1566, les anciens Pays-Bas furent secoués par une vaste contestation politico-religieuse dirigée contre Philippe II. Pour réprimer cette agitation, le souverain mit en place un tribunal d’exception, le Conseil des troubles, et le plaça sous l’autorité directe de Fernando Alvarez de Tolède, duc d’Albe et gouverneur général des Pays-Bas. Cette institution, active de 1567 à 1576, surveilla de très près la fabrication, la vente et la possession de livres, en raison du danger potentiel de ce véhicule culturel qu’est l’imprimé. Ainsi, à la requête du duc d’Albe, des inquisiteurs furent envoyés en 1569 dans différentes provinces des Pays-Bas espagnols afin d’examiner les fonds des libraires et des imprimeurs et de dépister les livres hérétiques. Ces documents offrent un instantané inédit des livres en circulation dans de nombreuses villes de ce territoire. Je me penche uniquement sur la situation de la ville de Mons. L’inventaire exécuté par les envoyés du duc d’Albe décrit un peu plus de 1600 livres. Ce document précise non seulement le nom des auteurs et les titres, mais aussi les adresses bibliographiques des ouvrages listés. Le soin et la rigueur dont a fait preuve le notaire dans l’exécution de sa tâche font de cette source un document de premier ordre pour l’étude du marché du livre en Hainaut dans le second tiers du XVIe siècle en général et, plus particulièrement, pour le livre médical. On pourra notamment découvrir quels sont les auteurs et les genres les plus prisés, le poids de la littérature savante par rapport à celle de vulgarisation ainsi que l’origine géographique de ces livres.


Dr Cynthia Gabbay

Dr Francesca Fantappiè

Dr Francesca Pucci Donati

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What Works for Treating Language Disordersin Children


ABSTRACT

The goal of this session is to provide an overview of the principles of language intervention for children from ages 3–18 years of age and review the evidence base for selection of treatments for language disorders in preschool-aged and school-aged children, with special attention to interventions aimed at addressing pragmatic and social communication disorders.


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Fraternité et chevalerie dans la version bourguignonne de "Florence de Rome" (Chantilly, Bibliothèque du château, ms. 652)


ABSTRACT

The separation of arma and amor that can be found in the chivalric tales of the fifteenth century allows the authors of these works to devote as much attention to the relationships between knights as to those between a knight and his lady. In particular, the bonds between knights who are also brothers are examined in various texts of the period, such as the Burgundian prose reworking of Florence de Rome, in which the brothers Milon and Esmeré, two young knights from Hungary, vie with each other for the hand of the eponymous heroine. In the version of this romance illustrated by the artist known as the « Wavrin Master » (Chantilly, Bibliothèque du château, ms. 652) the tensions between brotherhood and knighthood are foregrounded in both the narrative and its accompanying miniatures to the extent of taking on a political and ethical dimension. As I argue here, the way in which the two brothers act towards each other can be seen as an indicator of their suitability not only as the lady’s prospective husband but also as the future ruler of a realm, thus providing a trenchant and incisive lesson on chivalric mores at the end of the Middle Ages.


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ENSINO, PESQUISA E EXTENSÃO UNIVERSITÁRIA SOBRE A OTICA DO DESIGN PARA INOVAÇÃO SOCIAL


ABSTRACT

This article presents the report of a research carried out during the postdoctoral program, which focused on the peda-gogical practices used for teaching Design for Social Innovation, with the objective of structuring the course of Ecosocial Design, a class to be taught to undergraduate college students majoring in Design in Brazil. To develop the search in this period, it was initiated a reflection on the creation and application of the Postgraduate Program in Design at the School of Fine Arts of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. The research method was based on the combination of the intrinsic and extrinsic aspects of the intermediate objects that are need to the creation of this Program with the ped-agogical instruments developed during its organization, and the potential of these instruments to participate associ-atively in the creation of new Graduate Programs in Brazil. It was determined that the preservation of the autonomy of the knowledge accrued in different contexts, according to the principle of individuation of the Intermediate Objects of Conception, is potentially capable of reducing territorial inequalities by strengthening their associations, and thus performing a coordinating role of associative forms.


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Exporting the Nordic Children’s ’68: The global publishing scandal of The Little Red Schoolbook


ABSTRACT

The Little Red Schoolbook (1969) was one of the most welltravelled media products for children from ’68 aimed at children, and it was certainly the most notorious. Over the course of a few years (1970–2) it was translated and published in Belgium, Finland, France, Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. It also circulated freely in Austria and Luxembourg, and reached beyond Europe to countries including Australia, Japan and Mexico. It led to an obscenity trial in Great Britain, nearly toppled the Australian government, and caused a global publishing scandal. This essay therefore looks at the Scandinavian children’s ’68 in its international context, via a transnational, comparative analysis of the reception of the LRSB, in order to examine how ‘68 counterculture and ideas of childhood clashed and converged in the West around 1970. It asks: what can the publishing history of the LRSB tell us about the distinctive features of children’s media in Scandinavia at this time?