The Centre-Val de Loire region has a very rich network of scientific research units and public laboratories within the Universities of Orléans and Tours, the INSA Centre-Val de Loire, the ESAD Orleans and the major research organisations (CNRS, INRAE, BRGM, CEA, INSERM). A series of regional research programmes aim to structure the different regional research sectors and create excellence centres of international scale associating socio-economic actors and industries.