Phenylacetonitrile and Ionic Liquid Blends as Alternative Electrolytes for Safe and High-Performance Supercapacitors

December 03, 2020 - 16 h 00



The increasing need in the development of storage devices is calling for the formulation of alternative electrolytes, electrochemically stable and safe over a wide range of conditions. To achieve this goal, electrolyte chemistry must be explored to propose alternative solvents and salts to the current acetonitrile (ACN) and tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate (Et4NBF4) benchmarks, respectively. Herein, phenylacetonitrile (Ph-ACN) has been proposed as a novel alternative solvent to ACN in supercapacitors. In addition, an ionic liquid (IL), namely 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis [(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl] imide (EmimTFSI), has been explored to replace Et4NBF4. Unsurprisingly, the Ph-ACN + EmimTFSI blend is fully miscible over the whole range of composition giving thus the flexibility to optimize the electrolyte formulation over a large range of IL concentrations up to 4.0 M. The electrolyte containing 2.7 M of EmimTFSI in Ph-ACN is identified as the optimized blend thanks to its interesting transport properties. Furthermore, this blend possesses also the prerequisites of a safe electrolyte, with an operating liquid range from at least −60 °C to +130 °C, and operating window of 3.0 V and more importantly, a flash point of 125 °C. Finally, excellent electrochemical performances can be observed by using this electrolyte in a symmetric supercapacitor configuration, showing another advantage of mixing an ionic liquid with Ph-ACN


Dr Arunabh Ghosh, LE STUDIUM Research Fellow / ARD 2020 LAVOISIER Programme

FROM: Tata Steel Advanced Materials Research Centre - IN
IN RESIDENCE AT: Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Materials and Electrolytes for Energy (PCM2E) / University of Tours - FR

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